Although there are many factors the main cause is generally accepted as a hereditary genetic predisposition. It affects both men and women
The short answer is yes. They work on the same principal as any other transplant however the transplant is not rejected as the tissue is transferred from one part of the body to another.
The hair is taken from a donor strip which is located at the back of the head and is genetically permanent hair which will grow back. The follicles are then surgically implanted in the recipient site and maintained by the constant blood supply to the scalp.
All the characteristics of the patients hair will remain the same and continue to grow which is why an estimated 50 000 men have hair replacement surgery each year.
Each patient in aftercare is treated individually and is required to adhere to any instructions provided in a care plan.
There is no visible mark left from the donor area as the suture is hidden behind the existing hair, this suture can be removed approximately one week post-op. It is commonplace for the head to be bandaged over night and for there to be some small scabs for 4-10 days.
Head cover can be worn one day post-op and it is essential that no physical exercise is taken for 5 days post-op. There may be some numbness about the recipient sites that will diminish after about 3 months. The donor hair should shed within 14-28 days and hair growth will commence in 3-4 months.
As with most minor surgery there is expected to be a certain level of discomfort. The anaesthesia is administered into the scalp so the actual procedure is pain free and a mild sedative is sometimes issued enabling the patient to relax and enjoy a favourite film or book.
There will be no evidence of the donor area and minimal visible evidence around the recipient area. Small scabs will form that can potentially be concealed by the donor hair however the scabs will come off during short-term aftercare and it speeds the process if the area remains moist.
The standard period of time is five days post-op however, this will be discussed during the formation of your aftercare plan with your consultant.
The initial outlay is higher than that of other solutions, such as using a hair-piece or wig. As the procedure is permanent over the course of time the procedure proves cost effective and obviously carries with it the psychological benefits of natural hair.
This depends on the individual patients specific hair type and requirements. It can be discussed during the consultation and the specialist can assess the density of the patient's hair, the size of the restoration area and the number of grafts required to create a satisfactory look for the patient.
Although the drug is essential if the period missed is only short then it will have little or no detrimental effect on the growth. Without the drug hair will recede to the point where the patient would be having not had the surgery, however the loss would not be immediate.
There is no evidence to suggest that the medication is less effective on different ethnic groups. Research has shown that it is more effective on the crown of the scalp as opposed the frontal or temple areas.
Follicular units are the areas where hair grows from on the body. Anything from one to five individual hairs can grow from one follicle and hair cannot grow without a functioning follicle with constant blood supply.
The specialist technique allows for follicles to be removed intact from the donor area and placed into the recipient area.
The quality of the transplant dictates how long they will last which is why a reputable consultancy with a proven track record must be chosen. The success depends on the selection of the donor area and following the aftercare plan including taking prescribed medication. If all this is followed then the transplant should last a lifetime.
A definitive answer will be confirmed during the aftercare planning however light exercise such as walking can be resumed after two days, normal exercise after one week and swimming after two weeks post-op.
Most operations take between 2-4 hours. We normally transplant between 500 and 2,000 grafts. This is exacting work and, therefore, requires considerable time - even though we have a good team.
The recipient area will shed the donor hair within 2-4 weeks, but do not be alarmed. This is perfectly natural and hair growth will resume within four months however recent results show that some areas may take up to seven months to start developing
The major motivation for hair restoration is the emotional and psychological well being of the patient. Hair loss can cause an array of psychological problems such as body image dysmorphia, depression, stress and anxiety.
Low self esteem due to hair loss can be corrected without the self-conscious solution of wearing a wig by this non-invasive procedure. An estimated 50 000 men a year have hair regeneration surgery not only to look better but more importantly to feel better